The two forms Gekisai dai ichi and Gekisai dai ni were introduced by Chujun Miyagi as training kata into the Goju Ryu curriculum in 1940 for school children and adolescents.
The preservation and promotion of Okinawan Karate had been a concern to many senior karate masters for some years and led to a number of initiatives in the 1930's. One such being the 'Okinawan Prefectual Karate Do Promotion Society' founded in 1937, by Chosihin Chibana, Shimpan Gushukuma, Chomo Hanashiro, Chotoku Kyan, Jyuhatsu Kyoda, Choryu Maeshiro, Chojun Miyagi, Genwa Nakasone and Kentsu Yabu, prior to the second world war 1938-1945.
to promote Karate resulted in the development of the Hookiyu Kata
meaning 'Unified Forms' at the official request of Gen Hayakawa
the governer of Okinawa. With Soshin Nagamine and Chojun Miyagi
creating the Fukyu Kata or examination forms. Sochin Nagamine
of Matsubyashi Shorin Ryu created the form Fukyu Kata Ichi and
Chujun Miyagi created Fukyu Kata Ni. Miyagi adopted Fukyu Kata
Ni as Gekisai Dai Ichi and went on to develop Gekisai Dai Ni with
its Naha Te influence.
Dai is a prefix to a numerical counter, with
Ichi as one and
Ni as two, this gives us
'No.2'. In this context it is not the kanji
that can also read as Dai meaning big or great.
Jeffrey's Japanese<->English Dictionary Server, kanji used on this page are reproduced from this first class site. See links for site address.
Sodokan Goju Karate Association
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© Mike Clark 1997-2005. Reproduction of material on this site is not permitted